In the design of pump and fan impellers, the designer needs to meet many contrasting and multi-objective requirements. For example, in many cases the pump impeller is required to achieve higher efficiency and cavitation performance with a compact size and good stall performance. In order to meet these contrasting requirements, a design strategy is required that can consider a large part of the design space.
This paper explores the method for arriving at optimum blade loading in various applications. These applications include the suppression of secondary flows in mixed-flow and radial impellers, suppression of corner separation in pump vaned bowl diffusers, control of cavitation in pumps and noise reduction in an axial flow fan.